Final Reports

Books for ' Pros sgang Primary School
Project Manager: Tashitso (Joy)
Improve the education level. increase school enrollment. Raise the literacy rate. Increase the villagers' disposable income.
Funds needed: $1,776   (14,700 rmb)
Tendel Group funded this project

Tashitso is from Golok autonomous Tibetan prefecture, Qinghai Province, China. She graduated in 2005 with an Associated degree in English from Qinghai Normal University Nationalities Department's English Training Program.
View photos of project location

What? Books for ‘Pros Sgang Primary School.
Who? Teachers and students of ‘Pros Sgang Primary School of Garima village, Padma County, Golok Prefecture, Qinghai Province.

Photos of Project Implementation :
The books we bought with the project funds.

The students and teachers are going to implement the project.

The teachers feel very happy to receive these books from Tendel Group and they are dividing the library books from text books.

The students are waiting for the teachers to distribute the books.

The students feel very excited to receive the new text books from donors.

Both the teachers and students are showing the books to the donors. They feel that these are very good and helpful books.

In order to shelve the books in an orderly manner, the teachers ask the students to stand in line.

The students are standing in line to move these books to their temporary library.

The teacher is making sure that the students are moving the books correctly.

The students are inquisitive and in a hurry to move the new books.

These three students are volunteer librarians.

Summary of Project Activities
The project manager (Tashitso-Joy) informed the school about the available project funds from the Tendel Group. Then Tashitso held meetings with the schoolteachers to discuss how to collect the local contribution and also how to implement the project successfully. After the project manager finished collecting the local contribution, she went to meet one of the project donors (Deborah) in Xining and she also bought 189 Tibetan books there. The rest of the books were bought in Sichuan Province (Serta and Chengdu) by her and the other two teachers from ‘Pros Sgang Primary School. All the expenses such as transportation, living costs and taxi or bus fees were paid by the ‘Pros Sgang Primary School. This did not include the transportation fee from Xining to ‘Pros Sgang Primary School. After we finished transporting these books to ‘Pros Sgang Primary School we held a meeting with the students, teachers and monks to set the rules for the library. For example, if one of them damaged a book, they needed to pay the original price of the book to the school. Then we distributed the textbooks to the students and again told them the rules, such as that the students could not keep the books, but must pass them down from one grade to another after they are finished using them. Other books in the school library can be used from Monday to Friday (8:30a.m-9:30p.m). There were five librarians nominated. Three are students and two are teachers. All are volunteers.  

Details of Project Activities


Activity description

April 18, 2006

The project manager (Tashitso) informed to the school that the project was funded.

April 29

Held a meeting with teachers to discuss how to implement the project and how to collect the local contribution.

May 15

Collected the local contribution of 450rmb from the school.

June 2

The project manager (Tashitso) went to meet one of the donors (Deborah) in Xining.

June 4

The project manager (Tashitso) bought 189 Tibetan books in Xining and transported them to Golok Prefecture.

June 7

The project manager (Tashitso) and one of the donors (Deborah) went to see the project location in Padma County, Golok Prefecture, Qinghai Province.

June 8

They (the project manager and Deborah) went to see the project and brought gifts from USA and China.

July 28

The project manager (Tashitso) and two other teachers went to buy the rest of the books in Serta and Chengdu.

Aug. 17

Implemented the project.

Aug. 23

Interviewed both the teachers and the students about the project.

Aug. 25

Took pictures and collected some information for the final report.

Sept. 2-15

Wrote the final report.

Sept. 17

Sent the final report to Tendel Group.

Delays, Difficulties and Lessons Learned

Delay of activities
We could not implement the project during the summer, because the students were on their summer vacation.

Both the students and teachers from this school were just perfect. They were always so kind and respectable. From the time when the project manager started the project until completion, she always felt very happy to spend her time with them. She also did not meet any difficulties from outside of the school and she thought that this was because the lamas and monks were from this school and always prayed for everyone. They therefore had a good relationship with the community and also prayed for the successful completion of this project.

Lessons learned?
To make everything clear is very important. If there is any confusion at any time during the process of the project, it is important to clear up the confusion before continuing. One should always stick to the goals of the project. Tashitso did this, and didn't encounter any difficulties

Tashitso: What is different before and after the project?
GaiZeng (One of the teachers): After both the teachers and students received the books they became more excited to study in class and they also paid more attention to class. In having these books, both the students and teachers can save their time, because it is no longer necessary to write every section of the book on the board.

Tashitso: Do you think it's important to have both library and textbooks?
Tserang (One of the students): It's very helpful and also having these books makes a good study environment for the students, teachers and monks. For everyone to have study materials is the most important thing to improve our education level. Learning through books is more effective. For example, without having any evidence it's hard to believe things just heard from others.

Financial Progress


Receipt #

Item Description

Cost per item

Total cost

June 4,2006


189 Tibetan books (Xining).



July 28,2006


Chinese books (dictionary and stories).



July 28, 2006


Text books (Tibetan, Math and Chinese).

1, 546rmb


July 28, 2006


Tibetan religious books.



July 28,2006


Tibetan religious and history books



July 28,2006


Tibetan literature and history books



June 4,2006


Tibetan short stories, history books and dictionary.



June 14,2006


Transporting from Xining to ‘Pros Sgang Primary Schools.



August 2006






Amount from Tendel Group14,700 +
Local Contribution 450



Letter of Thanks

Dear Tendel Group,
We are delighted to report to you about the successful completion of the book project for ‘Pros Sgang Primary School in Jiangri township, Padma County, Golok Prefecture, Qinghai Province. With your contribution of 14,700RMB and the ‘Pros Sgang Primary School's additional funds of 450RMB we bought 1, 200 books. According to the original proposal there should have been only 960 books, but the monastery used it's own money to buy these additional books in order to help improve the local educational conditions. The school enrollment from 2005-2006 is increasing very fast because of the improved reputation of ‘Pros Sgang Primary School. When the project manager Tashitso wrote this proposal there were only 45 students, 5 teachers, 3 old lamas and 25 monks at the school. Now, there are 68 students, 7 teachers and 38 monks at the school. Both the parents and the school children now feel very satisfied with the school. The library has motivated local people to send their children to school to the extent that the school was actually forced to turn some students away due to lack of sufficient classroom space. This project has directly benefited 116 people, 68students, 3 lamas, 7 teachers and 38 monks , and has also indirectly benefited many local people by improving the educational standards, which will eventually influence both technology and economy.

The people of Pros Sgang Primary School and Jiangri township










Original Project Proposal

Project Location:
' Pros sgang Primary School is located in ' Pros sgang monastery on the mountaintop in the northwest of Jiangritang Township. It is four kilometers from Jiangritang Township to `Pros Sgang Primary School. Jiangritang Township is located in Banma County, which is eighty hundred fifty-seven kilometres from Xining City. Banma is in Golok prefecture, Qinghai Province and it is on the boundary of Sichuan Province and Qinghai Province.

This project will benefit the villagers of Garima village, whose children attend ' Pros sgang Primary School. Garima Village is approximately 16 kilometers away from ' Pros sgang Primary School.

Garima Village Background:
Each household in Garima Village earns an average of 200rmb cash income per year from selling wool, yak hair and surplus butter or cheese. The villagers use that money to pay taxes and buy the daily life necessities, such as: salt, cooking oil and flour. Each household's tax is different because it depends on the number of yaks that they own.

The taxes are as follows: 5 rmb per year for each female and male yak and 2rmb per year for each calf. Although they have 2mu of farm for each household, the villagers mainly live off of their livestock. Due to of the small amount of farmland that each household owns, the villagers cannot produce surplus food. There are six children in the village who attend school and the rest of the 172 children stay at home to help their parents.

' Pros sgang Primary School Background:

' Pros sgang Primary School was established in 2002 . In Jiangritang Township, there is a government-run primary school, but the fees for this school are too high for the villagers to afford and the quality of education is low. Because of this, many school-aged children from Garima village were previously receiving no primary education at all. In 2002, ' Pros sgang monastery began the school in order to improve the education level of Garima villagers and lighten their financial burdens. The quality of instruction at 'Pros sgang primary school is such that its students learn faster than the students in government school. Because of this, more villagers are willing to send their children to study in 'Pros sgang primary school.

In 2002, when `Pros Sgang Primary School was established, there were only 25 students and three teachers in the school, but in the three years since its' opening, local people have noticed that the students in `Pros sgang Primary School are learning very well and have sent their children to study there. Between 2002-2005 the school's enrollment increased to 45 students. Due to the large increase in number of students, two additional teachers were hired. Now there are a total of five teachers, all of whom are volunteers and do not receive any payment. The school's enrollment is limited to about 45 students because there are not enough rooms to accommodate more students.

There are 3 old lamas and 25 monks in ' Pros sgang monastery. The monastery's income is very limited; they are paid small amounts of cash to chant scriptures both in people's homes and in the monastery. Every monk can earn an average of 250rmb per year and according to Tibetan culture the families always pay higher for the lamas, who can earn 300rmb in a year. Although the lamas and the monks can earn some money, it's not enough for them to buy food and basic living supplies. There is no cafeteria in the monastery and both the lamas, monks, and the students depend on their families to get the food. Their most common food is Tanba, which is made by barley and mixed with cheese and butter.

Project Goals:

By providing school materials to ‘Pros Sgang Primary School, this project will:

•  Improve the education level of the students in Garima village.

•  Increase school enrollment. Eliminating the need to buy books will allow villagers to send more of their children to school, thus increasing the students' enrolment.

•  Raise the literacy rate. If the students and teachers are provided with the proper materials, classes will be more efficient and effective, resulting in higher literacy among the students.

•  Increase the villager's disposable income and reduce their financial burdens.


The students do not have enough textbooks, let alone reading materials. Because of this, the teachers must write entire sections of textbooks on the blackboard for the students to copy down. This necessary practice wastes both the teachers and students' time. Because much of class time is spent doing tedious copying, the morale of both the teachers and the students is very low, and the school's enrollment has suffered as a consequence.

Project beneficiaries:

There are 62 households and 495 residents in Garima Village. There are 155 women, 162 men and 178 children. The women 's main work is to stay at home and do house chores, such as milking the female yaks, making butter and taking care of the children. Men are usually involved in business, such as selling wool, yak hair and surplus butter and cheese to earn money for their family. This project will directly benefit the 45 school aged children and 5 teachers from Garima village who attend ' Pros sgang Primary School. Future generations of students will also benefit from the project.

Previously, the number of school-aged children who attended `Pros Sgang school was very low. The villagers kept their children at home because they could not afford pay the tuition fee and because they needed them to help do house chores.

In 2002, the `Pros Sgang Primary School opened and began recruiting students for free in order to increase Garima villages' literacy rate. In addition, this coming summer, Garima villagers will receive 40 solar electricity-generating panels, which will reduce the amount of chores that children are needed for.

As a result of these changes, the school's enrollment has increased. However, it has been very difficult to increase the literacy rate because the school is not equipped with the proper teaching materials.

The steps of the project:

•  Once funding is secured, hold the meeting with the teachers how to manage the books.

•  Collect local contribution from the school.

•  Purchase books. The books will be purchased from Qinghai bookstore in Xining, Qinghai.

•  Transport the books from Xining City to Banma County Town.

•  Hire a truck in Banma County Town and then transport books from Banma County Town to `Pros Sgang Primary School.

•  Hold a meeting with both the teachers and the students, and choose five librarians (3students and 2 teachers) and explain how they will take good care of the books.

•  Distribute books to students and shelve them in the library.

•  Interview both the teachers and the students 20 days after using the books. Collect other information for final report, such as pictures.

•  Write final report.

Detailed Budget:



Unit price

Total cost

Tibetan Books




Tibetan dictionaries




Tibetan magazines




Chinese books




Chinese dictionaries




Chinese magazines




Math books






There will be 960 books and these books will be put into 12 boxes, these books will be sent to Banma County by bus because it costs much lower than mail or hire a car. It will cost550rmb and from Banma County to `Pros Sgang Primary School, it will cost 50rmb by hiring a truck.

Local Contribution:
There are 45 students and per student will contribute 10rmb.A total of 450rmb will be received from `Pros Sgang Primary School.

There are three people who will be responsible for this project: Tashitso (Joy), Gaang and Gadi. Tashitso (joy) is a student of the English Training Program in the Nationalities Department of QNU. Gaang is both the leader of monastery and the teacher; he is sixty-four years old has been the leader for thirty years. Gadi is a well-respected teacher. He is thirty-five years old, and has been a teacher for seven years.

This project is sustainable because the books that are purchased will be passed from one student to the next, for many years. The school librarians will be responsible for the books and the users will keep the books in good condition. If the books are lost or damaged, the user will pay the school the original book price.

Joy, the project manager, will conduct interviews with the teachers and the students after the books have been used for 20 days. She will compare the school enrolment rates from before and after the project.

Risk Management:
There are two possible risks:

First, the books may get damaged when the students are using them.

Second, the books could be lost during the time the students are using them. Both of these two problems will be solved by the students' need to pay the books' original price, if one of these factors occurred.

Additional information:
Garima village hasn't gained any support from the government, such as government donations for building a school, establishing a small running water system, or setting up a clinic near the village for convenient health cures. Although all of these projects are urgently needed, the villagers as of yet have had no way to complete them. This book project is a first step to provide the villagers with improved overall living conditions.


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