Final Reports

Solar Electricity Generating Panels
for Garima Village

Project Manager: Tashitso (Joy)
Improve the overall living conditions and health of the villagers, raise the school enrollment, and reduce the workload for women and children.
Funds needed: $4,121   (34.110 rmb)
The British Embassy funded this project

Tashitso is from Golok autonomous Tibetan prefecture, Qinghai Province, China. She graduated in 2005 with an Associated degree in English from Qinghai Normal University Nationalities Department's English Training Program.
View photos of project location

What? 40 solar electricity generating panels
Who?
The nomadic community of Garima village, Banma county, Golok Prefecture, Qinghai Province

Photos of project implementation

Project manager Tashitso (Joy) and Shem Women's Group manager Michelle Kleisath hold a meeting with the recipients before distributing the solar panels.

Project manager Tashitso gives instructions to the recipients on how to use the light bulbs that come with the solar panels

Tashitso checks that every recipient has arrived before distributing the solar panels

Dorje, Aklhabo, and ChuChok with their new solar panels

Tashitso and Lhader, the villager leader, record the number of each solar panel for insurance. If the solar panel has any problems, Nyima Company will fix it free of charge for two years.

Six members of the Rebo family, who received a solar panel. The Rebo family has a total of 9 members, they have no annual cash income. They just live off of the products produced by their 10 yaks. They recently had to sell several of their yaks in order to pay for Zhone's operation, which was unsuccessful.

Zhone (b. ~1969) has seven children. She recently had an operation and unfortunately, it made her condition worse. Now she cannot walk and must stay in the bed. Her family doesn't have any money to see a doctor; therefore she just stays at home.

The Yonggyem family doesn't have any livestock because they sold them to buy food to eat. They earn money by guarding other villagers' possessions after the other villagers move to their summer homes.

Inside of the Yonggyem home. They are very happy to receive the solar panel.

The Yonggyem family built a special table in their home to keep the solar panel battery in good condition.

The father of the Tserang family passed away from lung disease 2 years ago. They borrowed money from other villagers to treat his illness and because they do not make enough cash income to return the money , they are having financial problems.


the Tserang family with their new solar panel


Tashitso helps the Tserang family move their solar panel inside of the house.

Quden (b. ~1972) with his daughter (b. ~1986) who is a disabled girl. because she is disabled, she cannot marry, but instead stays at home to help her father. The Quden family is extremely poor, they only own 10 milking yaks, which are their main source of income.

The Quden family's home

Garima villagers' summer residence.

Women of the Chubzang family listen to a tape of a Tibetan prayer. They feel these solar panels are great, and say thanks from their bottom of the heart.

The Oloh family's father died from a stomach disease four years ago, and their only cash income comes from selling surplus of butter and cheese.

Ms, Oloh (B. ~1940) who is the mother of the family, has four children: two boys and two girls. Only one daughter married out, the other three still stay with her.

Duojie (b. ~1981), a son of the Oloh family, cuts yak hair for making tents and carpets.

A woman from the Quden family digging Bimo on the mountainside.

Drying Bimo . This medicinal herb grows under the earth, and only its green leaf is visible. The villagers use it for both medicine and sale.

Project manager Tashitso in front of Garima Village.

This valley is one of the summer places of Garima Village.


Solar Panel Recipients

Solar Panel Recipients (Translation)

Name

Sex

Daida

Male

Gadi

Male

Gengdong

Male

Luojia

Male

Jibao

Female

Daijin

Female

Longe

Male

Daji

Male

Sanzhi

Male

Banla

Female

Zhuoma

Female

Qiuqie

Male

Sangbo

Male

Dainan

Male

Nanzhuo

Male

Daiji

Female

Cuoji

Female

Danbo

Male

Danzengzhuoma

Female

Angjia

Male

Lala

Female

Xiaone

Female

Zhipa

Male

Duojie

Male

Caicuo

Female

Ripo

Male

Yanglo

Female

Qiudan

Male

Nuola

Female

Caita

Male

Danzeng

Male

Yaoyao

Male

Sandong

Male

Qiuzang

Male

Aolo

Female

Cairangzhuoma

Female

Luodan

Male

Kaxiu

Female

Zhijia

Female

Loxiu

Female

 

Summary of project activities

Tashitso(Joy) informed the two villager leaders that the project was funded. Then she contacted the company to check if the solar panels' price and quality were the same as before when she collected information for the proposal. After she had received funds from British Embassy, she contacted the villager leaders to collect the local contribution. The local contribution was soon sent to her. After all funds were received, she signed the contract with the company to determine which date the project should be initiated. The day before the solar panels were shipped, she checked the panels again and paid a half of the funds to the company. Also at this time she learned from the company manager how to operate the panels. After the panels were transported to Banma County, she checked the solar panels again to make sure that the panels were not damaged during transport. Then she wrote a receipt and a letter stating that no panels were damaged and sent it to the company. Before distributing the solar panels, she held a meeting with recipients and other villagers to explain who supported this project and how much each panel cost. Also Joy gave instructions about how to use the panels. After finishing distributing the solar panels, she and Michelle (the manager of Shem women's group) went to visit each recipient family to check how the solar panels worked. After a one-month trial period, there were no problems with the panels. Joy then paid the rest of the money to the company.

 

Details of project activities

Month

Activity description

December, 18,2004

Proposal was sent to British Embassy in Beijing.

February, 29,2005

Received an approval letter from the British Embassy.

March, 15,2005

Informed the villagers of the 34,110 rmb assistance from the British Embassy.

April, 16,2005

Checked the solar panels at the company.

June, 14, 2005

Received 34,110 rmb from the British Embassy.

June, 28, 2005

Collected 8,000 rmb from the villagers as a local contribution.

July, 3, 2005

Made a contract with the company.

July, 21, 2005

Checked the solar panels again.

July, 22, 2005

Paid 21,000 rmb to the company, the first of 2 installments.

July, 23, 2005

Transported the solar panels to Banma County.

July, 24, 2005

Transported the solar panels from Banma County to the village.

July, 25, 2005

The project manager and the villager leaders held a meeting with recipients. Distributed the solar panels to the recipients and then took pictures.

July, 26-29, 2005

Joy and Michelle went to visit the recipient families to check up on the solar panels and also took pictures.

August, 17, 2005

Paid the 2 nd instalment of 21,000 rmb to the company and got a receipt from the company.

September, 9, 2005

Wrote the final report.

September, 15, 2005

Sent the final report to British Embassy.

 

Delay, difficulties and lessons learned

Delay of activities

There was no delay of activities.

Difficulties

Although the recipient families were chosen by the whole village, the villagers felt slightly jealous when they saw solar panels transported to the village and delivered to the recipients. Because the solar panels were modern and had radio and tape recorders included, every villager wanted to have one for their family. The villagers knew that these 40 recipient families were the poorest families in the village. Before and after the distributing the panels the villager leaders explained to the others that these 40 households should get this support because of their poor living condition. This explanation was very helpful and other villagers changed their mind and agreed once more that those poorer families should receive the panels.

Lessons learned?

To make everything clear is very important. If there is any confusion at any time during the process of the project, it is important to clear up the confusion before continuing. One should always stick to the goals of the project.

Other

To make a project successful, it's important for a project manager to buy good quality goods. There were many solar panels of different quality and price, so the project manager should be acquainted with the goods. For example, the project manager in this case checked the panels before writing the proposal, discovered which panels were the most suitable according to price and quality. Dealer fraud is common in these kinds of transactions, so she then recorded all the battery serial numbers of the desired panels so as to insure that these batteries would indeed be the ones included with the panels at the time of purchase. The project manager also measured the panels' box size and bulb size to make sure that the proper panels and bulbs were ultimately delivered.

Financial progress

Date

Receipt #

Item Description

Cost per item

Total cost

March, 18,2005

3

Phone call from Xining City to Banma County.

10

10

May, 17,2005

3

Phone call from Xining City to Banma County.

15

15

June, 2,2005

3

Phone call from Xining City BanmaCounty.

5

5

July, 3, 2005

3

Phone call from Xining City to Banma County.

10

10

July, 3, 2005

1

Taxi fee

10

10

July, 14, 2005

1

Taxi fee

10

10

July, 22,2005

1

Taxi fee

10

10

July, 22,2005

3

Phone call from Xining City to Banma County.

10

10

July, 23,2005

2

40 solar panels.

1050 x 40 panels

42,000

July, 24,2005

N/A

Transporting from Banma County the Village.

Free

Free

September, 2005

N/A

Film

Free (digital camera)

Free

Total

42,080

 

Amount received from British34, 110+Local Contribution 8,000

 

42,110

Amount remaining RMB

30

 

Declaration: I confirm the above details are correct.

Signed:

Position: Project manager

Date:September 15th, 2005

 

Contract with Nyima Company:

Receipts


Receipt #1


Receipt #2


Receipt #3


Original Proposal

Project Location:
This project will be located in Garima Village Jiangritang Township Banma county, which is eighty hundred fifty-seven kilometres from Xining City. Banma is in Golok prefecture, Qinghai Province and it is on the boundary of Sichuan Province and Qinhai Province.

Each household in Garima Village earns an average of 200rmb cash income per year from selling wool, yak hair and surplus butter or cheese. The villagers use that money to pay taxes and buy the daily life necessities, such as: salt, cooking oil and flour. Each household's tax is different because it depends on the number of yaks that they own.

The taxes are as follows: 5 rmb per year for each female and male yak and 2rmb per year for each calf. Although they have 2mu of farm for each household, the villagers mainly live off of their livestock. Due to of the small amount of farmland that each household owns, the villagers cannot produce surplus food. There are six children in the village who attend school and the rest of the 172 children stay at home to help their parents.

Project Goals:
Improve the overall living conditions and health of the villagers, raise the school enrollment, and reduce the workload for women and children.

By providing Garima Village with 40 solar panels, this project will improve the local families' living condition. There are many different qualities of solar panels and I have some important reasons for buying 20-watt solar panels.

Buying the better quality 20-watt solar generating panels will ensure this projects' sustainability. If the villagers receive high quality solar panels, they will value them more, take better care of them, and be less likely to sell them.

Need:
First, Garima village historically has no electricity and the villagers use butter lamps and candles for light. The villagers have gotten lung diseases because of using smoky butter lamps and candles.

Second, the villagers' eyesight goes bad and they need to consume butter instead of using it for light.

Third, the villagers can't listen to the radio or get news from it.

Project Functions:
By providing Garima village with 40 solar panels, this project will:

  • Improve the living conditions and health of the villagers, and raise the literacy rate.
  • Increase the villagers' incomes by eliminating the need to buy matches, candles, and kerosene and burn butter lamps.
  • Increase villagers' productivity; with the help of the solar panels, the villagers will be able to work after dark. This will lighten the work burden on children
  • The increase in villagers' income and the decrease in need for children's labor will allow villagers to send more of their children to school, thus increasing the school's enrolment.
  • Give the villagers, especially the women and girls, more leisure time. With the help of the solar panels, women and girls will be able to leave the work that they usually must finish during the day for after dark.
  • Improve the villagers' health, especially the women and children. The butter lamps that the villagers currently use to light their homes at night have been known to cause many health problems, including lung disease. Women and children are particularly at risk due to the large amounts of time that they spend inside the smoke-filled kitchen.
  • Improve the villagers' eyesight. The dim light cast from the butter lamps causes eyestrain.
    •  The villagers can gain information and news from the radio.
    •  Increased number of social activities at night

Project beneficiaries:
There are 62 households and 495 residents in Garima Village. There are 155 women, 162 men and 178 children. The women 's main work is to stay at home and do house chores, such as milking the female yaks, making butter and taking care of the children. Men are usually involved in business, such as selling wool, yak hair and surplus butter and cheese to earn money for their family. 40 households will directly benefit from this project : 76 women, 80men, and 84children. The other255villagers will indirectly benefit from this project by being neighbors of solar panel recipients.

The number of school-aged children who attend school in Garima Village is very low. The villagers keep their children at home to help them do every-day work. Second, there is no school in the Garima Village and children need to go school in Jiangritang Township. Therefore, there are only 6 students in Garima Village. One is Joy, (the project manager) who is in the English Training Program at Qinghai Shi Fan Da Xue. The rest of the students attend the local middle school.During interviews conducted by Joy this past summer, several villagers said that they would send their children to school if they didn't need them to do chores. There fore, by lightening the work burden on the families of Garima village , the solar panels will help increase school enrollment.

Neighboring households can benefit from this project, for instance, the villagers can hold social activities at night, and the women and girls can help each other do their work at night. The students will also have an opportunity to work with their classmates.

The Solar Panel project will be helpful for people who have less access to resources, and at the same time will lighten the heavy burden on women and children. For instance, as a result of this project, the girls in this village will have some opportunities to enroll in the nearest school.

The steps of the project:
•  Decide who in the village has the greatest need for solar panels (the 40 poorest families).
•  Apply for funding to cover the cost of 40 solar electricity-generating panels.
•  Once funding is secured, hold meeting with village leaders. Decide how to manage solar panel distribution.
•  Collect local contribution from villagers
•  Purchase solar panels. The solar panels will be purchased from Nima Company in Xining, Qinghai. The solar panels will be bought from this company for the following reasons:
•  The quality of Nima's solar panels is very high. Nima's solar panels have been used in several successful development projects done by past ETP students.
•  The cost of Nima's solar panels is low. Nima Company includes the cost of transportation in the fee that they charge for each solar panel.
•  Five-year warranty—If the Nima's solar panels are dysfunctional, the company will repair them for up to five years after purchase.
•  Transport the solar panels from Xining city to Banma county town
•  Hire a truck in Banma county town and then transport solar panels from Banma County town to Jiangritang Township.
•  Hold a meeting with villagers and explain how to use and care for solar panels.
•  Distribute panels
•  Interview villagers about their solar panels15 days after distribution
•  Collect other information for final report, such as pictures.
•  Write final report

Detailed Budget:

Item

Price per Item rmb

Number of Items

Total rmb

Solar electricity panels

1,050

40

42,000

Transportation from Banma County to Jiangritang Township

50

Film and development for final report

60

1 roll of film, 1 film processing fee

60

Local contribution

200

40

-8,000

Total

34,110

The Solar Electricity Generating Panel's price depends on the size of bulbs: bigger bulbs are more expensive. People usually buy 20watt panels for their families because 20watt panels are capable of powering many different kinds of domestic appliances. Each Solar Panel costs 1050 rmb. This includes 2 light bulbs, 13meters of electric wire, and a battery. The company ensures that if there is a problem the company will repair them within five years. The transportation fee is included in the cost of the panels with the exception of transportation from Banma County to Jiangritang Township, which will cost 50 rmb.


Local Contribution:
Each household that receives a solar panel will contribute 200 rmb. A total of 8,000 rmb will be received from the local community. The local contribution will be collected after project funding is secured and BEFORE the villagers receive their solar panels. This will ensure that there are no problems with collecting the local contribution.


Responsibility:
There are four people will be responsible for this project. Those people will be Tashitso(Joy), Caiyangcuo (Lucy), Lada, and Gendong. Tashitso(Joy) and Caiyangcuo (Lucy) are students of the English Training Program in the Nationalities Department of QNU. Lada is the village leader; he is fifty -five years old and has been the leader for 8 years. Gengdong is another well-respected village leader. He is thirty-five years old, and has been a village leader for 4 years.

Sustainability:
The solar electricity panels and batteries generally last for four or five years and if the solar panels have problems, the company will repair them for up to five years. After five years the villagers will be responsible for buying components to repair Solar Panels by themselves. The villagers can buy those components in county town. The villagers are providing a considerable local contribution (of 200 RMB each) when compared with their yearly cash income. In addition, the solar panels that they receive will be of high quality. Both of these factors ensure that the villagers will highly value their solar panels and take good care of them.


Additional information:
Garima village hasn't gained any support from the government, such as government donations for building a school, establishing a small running water system, or setting up a clinic near the village for convenient health cures. Although all of these projects are urgently needed, the villagers as of yet have had no way to complete them. This Solar panel project is a first step to provide the villagers with improved overall living conditions.

Joy interviewed two villagers this past summer and they shared the following:
1.Why hasn't government helped the villagers before?
Probably because there are no people to describe the poor situation of the village to the government or to other organizations.

2. Has this village ever gotten outside help before?
No

3. How would this Solar Panel project improve your living conditions?
This would be the first time that we get help from outside and the Solar Panel project is not big like a water project, we can get a lot of benefits without spending too much money or time.

 

Copyright 2005 Shem Women's Group. All Rights Reserved. Privacy Policy.